While much of the farming process is still done by hand, agricultural robots and drones are gradually taking over jobs like as cleaning, cloud seeding, seed sowing, reaping, environmental control, and soil analysis. Farmers no longer have to pay hours toiling in the sun’s heat to collect food or plough the land with their assistance. However, as the following sections will demonstrate, that is not all they are capable of.
Types of Agricultural Robots
Lets have a look on the various types of Agricultural Robots :
- Weed control : Drones are the most common sort of agricultural robot. To find, identify, and spray weeds, they often employ powerful designed cameras and Global Positioning System (GPS). This category includes Ecorobotix. Its maker claims it is exact, uses 90% less herbicide, and hence costs 30% less than traditional treatments.
- Harvesting and picking : Robot harvesters & pickers are much more precise and move quicker than any human farmer, increasing yields while decreasing crop waste. The Energid citrus picker, for example, can select a fruit every 2-3 seconds. One of reasons it has gained popularity is because it is less expensive to create than to hire human labour.
- Autonomous mowing, pruning, seeding, spraying, and thinning : Some robots have numerous functions that are specifically designed to ensure good crop development after sowing but before harvesting. Vision Robotics’ plant thinners, that can trim vineyards or thin vegetables, deserve special note.
- Phenotyping : These robots examine the genetic makeup of plants as well as environmental changes, which is critical for agricultural improvement. RoBoPlant, a significant product in this category, is designed primarily for controlling greenhouse or other specially farmed crops. It can sort seedlings by kind and sow them for the best outcomes.
- Sorting and packing : Harvest Automation’s HV-100, which can pack items into boxes of various sizes, falls into this group of robots that prepare harvests for delivery and order fulfilment.
Some Agricultural Robotics Companies :-
The agricultural robot business is expanding, with a projected value of $4.6 billion in 2020. It is expected to increase at a compound annual rate (CAGR) of 34.5 percent to a projected price of Us$20.3 billion through 2025. This optimistic forecast is largely due to the fact that many corporations are spending in robot production.
- Naio Technologies: Creates a variety of robot that not only assist farmers but also conserve and preserve the environment. Their goods can weeds, hoe, and aid in harvesting.
- Agrobot: The E-Series robots feature 24 robotic arms that can not only pick strawberries quickly but also determine whether or not they are ripe.
- Agribotix: Develops low-cost instruments for farmers to collect crop data or in real time. They use infrared sensors to monitor the condition of crops inside the air and capture accurate aerial images to record movies.
- PrecisionHawk: Builds drones that can accomplish practically anything, making them ideal farm workers.
- Harvest CROO: Created the Berry 5 strawberry harvester, which employs several robotic components to collect leaves, pick berries, & pack goods.
- Cambridge University’s Vegebot scans lettuce using a camera to identify when it’s suitable for harvesting. Another camera directs it to select vegetables while avoiding damaging the plants. Its machine learning (ML) system “teaches” it not to pick overripe or infected lettuce.
- Abundant Robotics: Their devices resemble a tractor-mounted suction tube that collects only ripe apples using powerful computer vision. However, unlike other agricultural robots, its algorithms for determining the maturity of fruits may be changed depending on farmer feedback.
The agricultural robots & firms highlighted in this essay are just a few examples. Further startups are emerging, which will lead to more advancements and market expansion. So, the most probable answer to the question of whether we are approaching the era of robot farmers is yes.